Anchor Layout

Anchor layout is used to place a view based on the offset of another view. Unlike all other layouts, it doesn't depend on the layout property of the parent view. Rather, it is specified by use of the anchor and location attributes of ProfileDeclaration (the type of View.profile).


The profile's anchor attribute specifies the so-called anchor view. For example,

foo.profile.text = "anchor: parent";
foo.profile.anchor = "parent"; //it is equivalent to the previous statement

Then, the position of the given view, foo in the previous example, will depend on the anchor view, foo.parent in the previous example. How the given view is exactly positioned depends on another attribute called location. Please refer to the next section for details.

The anchor view must be the parent or one of the sibling views of the given view. You can specify the object directly with anchorView as follows.

foo.profile.anchorView = foo.previousSibling;

You can specify a CSS selector too. Again, it must be the parent or one of its sibling views.

foo.profile.anchor = "#$someId";


You can specify how the given view is positioned related to the anchor view by use the location attribute. For example, the following statement positioned foo at the center of its parent.

foo.profile.text = "location: center center";

For sake of convenience, if ProfileDeclaration.location is specified, ProfileDeclaration.anchor is default to be parent. Thus, the previous statement is equivalent to the following:

foo.profile.text = "location: center center";

The value of ProfileDeclaration.location can be one of "north start", "north center", "north end", "south start", "south center", "south end", "west start", "west center", "west end", "east start", "east center", "east end", "top left", "top center", "top right", "center left", "center center", "center right", "bottom left", "bottom center", and "bottom right". If not speicified, "top left" is assumed.

Here is the locations of all these values specify.


As shown above, the border doesn't count when positioning a view based on the given location.

Rikulo is smart enough to detect the keywords, so "north start" is the same as `"start north" and so on.


You can specify the dimension with fixed value, a percentage or flex. For example,

view.profile.text = "location: center center; width: 50%; height: 50%";

In additions, you can specify min-width, max-width, min-height and max-height to make sure it won't getting too small or too large. It is quite useful for so-called Responsive Web Design. For example,

view.profile.text = "location: center center; min-height: 60; width: 50%; min-width: 100";

Anchor Layout Nested in Other Layout

As described at the beginning, Anchor Layout is independent of the layout property specified in the parent view. It also means the parent view will ignore them when handling the layout specified in the layout property. In other words, Anchor Layout has the higher priority than other layouts.

For example, in the following example, view1 will be positioned to the left-top corner of hlayout, while view2 will be the first view of the linear layout of hlayout.

View hlayout = new View();
hlayout.layout.type = "linear";

View view1 = new View();
view1.profile.anchor = hlayout; //anchor layout

View view2 = new View(); //handled by linear layout